Cybersecurity Skills – The Must-Have For Beginners

Cybersecurity Skills – The Must-Have For Beginners

Cybersecurity careers have already been on the uptrend even before the COVID-19 pandemic forced a stunning number of businesses to go online. Every company has to handle loads of sensitive information, and fast-paced digitalization only enhances the need for its protection. According to estimates, cyber attacks cause trillions of losses worldwide, and the numbers do not seem to be on the decrease.

Cyber security is a system that eliminates all the security vulnerabilities of devices or networks by managing confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information. Thus, a cybersecurity professional is a specialist in high demand in the current work market. However, to become one, you need to develop a set of specific technical skills and soft skills.

Read on to find out what professional traits will help you secure cybersecurity jobs and grow in this high-paced and perspective industry.

Skills That Turn Beginners Into Cybersecurity Professionals

While it might seem that companies hire security professionals only based on their technical aptitude, it is a false assumption. Demanded cybersecurity specialist also obtains excellent soft skills, making him a good team member and a valuable employee. These are the most crucial skills for building a successful career in cybersecurity, starting with hard skills:

Applications, Software, and Operating Systems

Standard security practices require working with multiple applications and special software like databases and servers. In addition to using it, a security practitioner has to be able to improve its security during the software development lifecycle (SDLC). Access management is crucial for ensuring that both security policy and the software can be freely used for every role within the company.

Profound knowledge of major mobile and desktop operating systems is a crucial cybersecurity skill. A flexible security practitioner can navigate different OSs with command-line interfaces too.

Network security

Networking is another essential skill of an excellent cyber security practitioner. Computer networks are the primary tool for transactions and data transfers for many businesses. Thus, understanding how to maintain local area networks (LANs), as well as virtual private networks (VPNs) and wide area networks (WANs), is necessary for providing solid network security.

It is possible to minimize cyber attacks by setting up a firewall for the network. Knowledge about intrusion prevention systems (IPS) and intrusion detection systems (IDS) is among other advanced skills.

Security Incident Handling

An ability to handle the threat of security incidents as fast as possible is a valuable skill. Advanced Persistent Threats, DDoS attacks, and malware are the most common security incidents.


Cybersecurity analyst must use analytics to identify an external threat within a short period. However, the same analytical skills can also be used for gathering and processing data from the incident. Afterward, cybersecurity professionals use it for detecting security breaches and preventing similar attacks from happening in the future.

Data Management Protection

Management of sensitive data includes its handling, analysis, and storage. Cybersecurity professional cannot guarantee decent information security without being able to manage it securely. It also requires knowledge of computer forensics. In fact, out of all cybersecurity skills, employers in 2022 pay the most attention to data management protection.

Soft Skills

According to LinkedIn’s Global Talent Trends report of 2019, 92% of talent acquisition experts consider soft skills equal to hard skills while hiring employees. A set of decent technical skills makes a good security practitioner. However, only the additional ability to interact with other team members efficiently and harmonically makes a demanded professional. Below you can find the soft skills necessary for building a cybersecurity career. Depending on your position in the company, the list may vary.

Desire To Learn And Adapt

The threat landscape is constantly changing, which is why cyber security is also evolving to match the new standards. The development of new technologies causes the appearance of the latest threats and breaches. To be efficient in this field, security professional has to be ready to quickly improve their knowledge and adapt to a new work environment. It can be a transition to new software, operating system, or different applications – your ability to adapt is crucial for the company.


Any tech job, including information security, cannot be possible without working on a team. Thus, communication skills are among the most desired traits talent acquisition professionals look for in potential employees. It is essential to be keen on technical writing and verbal communication to be a valuable part of the company. Security practitioners also have to interact with people from other departments who do not have the same technical knowledge. This is where advanced communication skills come in handy.

Networking And Collaboration

Cyber security policy is universal for a company as it is the responsibility of every department and employee. Despite the position of the security practitioner, they have to be collaborative on every level of the organization. Finding a mutual language with other employees is crucial for installing the policies and making sure they are followed precisely. As for networking, it is all about exchanging skills and knowledge with other cyber security professionals. It is essential to be relevant and improve on your existing aptitudes.

The Prospects Of A Skilled Cyber Security Practitioner

Demand for cybersecurity skills is on a staggering positive trend as of 2022. Burning Glass report of 2019 claimed that the market for security practitioners had grown by 94% in 7 years. As the volume of sensitive data stored and transferred by companies increases, hackers’ activity becomes more prominent. Reputable researches show that the average loss of a single data breach is equal to 3.9 million USD. In addition, every company has to meet data privacy compliance standards by using an advanced cybersecurity policy.

All the mentioned factors are why good security practitioners have so many work opportunities. In addition, the cybersecurity Ventures report of 2019 claims that the demand for cybersecurity skills is more considerable than the supply by 145%. Thus, there is no unemployment in this market too.

Cybersecurity salaries are also quite appealing. As of 2022, they average at approximately 94 thousand USD.


What do you learn in cybersecurity?

Cybersecurity skills include both technical skills and soft skills. Working in the industry, you will learn to work with advanced systems, security software, and systems that detect and prevent external threats. In addition, you will gain interaction skills within a team and a tech company.

Why is it important to learn about cybersecurity?

Cybersecurity is a growing industry that shows excellent positive trends of development. There is also a shortage of decent security professionals, which guarantees a zero unemployment rate. By becoming a proficient security practitioner, you tap into the world of work possibilities.

How long does it take to learn cyber security?

It depends on the position you want to take as well as on the level of proficiency you strive to acquire. On average, it takes about two years to learn cybersecurity basics at a decent level.

Does cybersecurity require coding?

Coding is not necessary for the majority of entry-level cybersecurity positions. However, advancing to the upper-level jobs requires specific knowledge in coding from the employees.

What programming language should I learn for cyber security?

Knowing coding languages is vital for understanding their vulnerabilities. Since Python, C, JavaScript, SQL, and PHP are the most common languages among hackers, learning them is also valuable to security professionals.